Click for Home Page Springfield Township Historical Society 
P.O. Box 564
Flourtown, PA 19031
ARTICLES from our ARCHIVES

Note: For past Newsletters , please scroll down to see below.

Community History
Documentation


Holiday Houses at
Paper Mill Glen


History in MAPS

"Enfield"

The archives of the Springfield Township Historical Society are housed in our new home in the Black Horse Inn at 1432 Bethlehem Pike in Flourtown, PA 19031.

Visitors may view a small exhibit or do research on local history. Our collection includes numerous photographs of Springfield Township sites, a selection of Colonial era tax records, research on the history of various residences and institutions, and atlases and maps from the late 19th through the 20th century and more. The collection also contains a number of deeds and documents relating to Springfield Township properties, as well as an extensive holding of information, photographs and artifacts from the Stotesbury estate, Whitemarsh Hall.

The historical society welcomes donations of family photos and papers and other items related to Springfield Township area history.

The historical society archives are located in two rooms on the first floor in the inn. Entrance is through the right hand door on the south side of the building. In order for us to better serve you during this transitional period as the historical society settles into new quarters, we recommend that those interested in doing research call ahead when possible.

The archives are OPEN to the public -
Tuesday Evenings, from 7 p.m. to 9 p. m.
Wednesdays, from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Saturdays, from 9 a.m. to 12 noon.
For more information, call 215-233-4600.

Our location is:

    Springfield Township Historical Society
    The Black Horse Inn
    1432 Bethlehem Pike
    Flourtown, PA 19031

Note: All MAIL should continue to be sent to:   STHS, P.O. Box 564, Flourtown, PA 19031

For more information and the story of our move to the Black Horse Inn, Click on "News" above.

To view past issues of our Newsletter, The Challenge, please see below.

If you have questions or would like to set up an appointment, please call our archivist,
Alessandra Cartelli, at (215) 233-4600 or email Archives@springfieldhistory.org.
RESEARCH AND REPRODUCTION FEES:
RESEARCH FACILITATION FEES:
(staff check of catalog to find out what STHS has on a given topic and page items)

Non-members: $15 per visit
Members: Free
Students (who are not members): $5 per visit
RESEARCH BY MAIL FEES:

Flat Fee: $50 for up to 2 hours of research. $20 for each additional hour.
Includes up to 10 photocopies and up to $2 worth of postage. Additional photocopies and postage will carry an additional charge.
Fee must be paid in advance.
REPRODUCTION FEES:

Photocopying: $0.25 per page
Scans on CD, e-mailed and print-outs of digitally archived images: $15 (plus shipping if mailed)
PUBLICATION FEES:

Commercial uses (printed): $75 per item
Commercial uses (web): $150 per item
Non-profit uses (printed): $30 per item
Non-profit uses (web): $50 per item
Films: $100 per item

Contact us about other photo reproduction fees.
 
Past issues of STHS Newsletters, The Challenge, from our archives

To view September 2014 Click here.
To view May 2014 Click here.
To view March 2014 Click here.
To view November 2013 Click here.
To view October 2013 Click here.
To view May 2013 Click here.
To view March 2013 Click here.
To view November 2012 Click here.
To view September 2012 Click here.
To view May 2012 Click here.
To view March 2012 Click here.
To view December 2011 Click here.
To view September 2011 Click here.
To view May 2011 Click here.
To view March 2011 Click here.
To view December 2010 Click here.
To view September 2010 Click here.
To view May 2010 Click here.
To view March 2010 Click here.
To view November 2009 Click here.
To view September 2009 Click here.
To view May 2009 Click here.
To view March 2009 Click here.
To view November 2008 Click here.
To view September 2008 Click here.
To view May 2008 Click here.
To view March 2008 Click here.
To view November 2007 Click here.
To view September 2007 Click here.



Recent Donations to our Archives

Earlier this summer, Montgomery Newspapers generously donated microfilmed copies of The Sunnybrook Sun which became The Springfield Sun and The Colonial dating from the 1940s through the 1990s. The Sunnybrook Sun took its name from the Sunnybrook Country Club which was the course now known as the Flourtown Country Club. These newspapers will undoubtedly prove useful to future generations of researchers interested in local history. STHS extends its thanks to Montgomery Newspapers for their foresight and generosity.



"Community History Documentation Project"

The Springfield Township Historical Society's Community History Documentation Project seeks to acquire personal recollections from township residents and former residents about the people, places and events that shaped the history of our township. The information compiled will be added to our archive to benefit future generations and may be used for purposes of research, education, publication and exhibition.

We would very much appreciate you taking the time to share your recollections of life in Springfield Township and we look forward to receiving your input to this valuable and interesting project.

For a printable Community History Documentation Form in PDF format for you to fill out and return to Springfield Township Historical Society at the above address Click Here.


If you have any questions or need printed copies, please contact STHS at 215-233-4600.



"Holiday Houses at Paper Mill Glen"

In 1955, the Holiday at Paper Mill Glen housing development introduced split level home design to Springfield Township. The development is located in Erdenheim in the area of Paper Mill Road and Cheltenham Avenue. Architect Thomas Brandow touted his design as a "house created for the happiness and completeness of family living."

Holiday House residents Nancy McDonald and Michael Grothusen recently donated a copy of an adver- tisement for the Holiday homes to the archives that was provided by their neighbor, Jack Roback. It contains both exterior and interior drawings and descriptive language that is obviously written to entice new home buyers. For example, wouldn't you be intrigued if you read:

"From the time you drive into the oversized garage with its oversized door until you fall asleep in one of three large, delightful bedrooms you are aware that 'Holiday' is contemporary design at its zenith. Over 300 square feet of carefully distributed storage space includes unusually large closets and a tremendous 11 foot storage wall in the family room."

Other rooms in the house are also highlighted in the brochure. The foyer has mahogany walls, flagstone paved floor and expansive glass windows. The family room boasts a living area with a 37 foot panorama. The spacious living-dining room has a double window wall that looks out onto a rear terrace.

The kitchen is situated in the front of the house. Cabinets are solid maple with walnut and white accent. Apparently very desirable at the time were the pure white formica work surfaces on the base cabinets.

Bathrooms included a hall bath with tub and a master bathroom with a stall shower. There is also a powder room located off the family room.

Lots were advertised to be a minimum of 80' x 155' or a total of 12,500 square feet.

So next time you drive by Paper Mill Road and Cheltenham Avenue look for the Holiday houses, "an exciting new departure in split level home design...in an established, gracious community."

EDITOR'S NOTE: Holiday Houses are located in Erdenheim on the following streets: Fraser Road, Atwood Road, Bent Lane, Harston Road and Haws Lane. The author of this article, John Frantz, is a volunteer at the Springfield Township Historical Society archives.

For a copy of a "Holiday Houses at Paper Mill Glenn" brochure from our Archives in PDF format
Click Here.



"History in Maps"

A high level view of the development of Springfield Township and surrounding areas is available to us in the form of maps. Using an internet connection, you can examine them from the 1700s up through modern times. Some of the early maps are simple road maps, showing towns and villages with the names of roads in that era. Later maps have more detail, showing where buildings were located, names of property owners, rail lines and various other items that will fascinate many of us.

To begin, you'll need a computer with a high-speed internet connection, a fairly current web browser and a current Adobe PDF viewer. Maps contain large amounts of details, so viewing them with dial up connections would be very slow and frustrating. To get the most out of these maps, you'll also need to be comfortable with "scrolling" and "zooming" in a web browser. Folks who aren't computer wizards or don't have high-speed connections may want to visit the library or ask neighbor High School and College students for consultation.

When looking at maps, keep in the back of your mind that older maps aren't as accurate as the newer ones. Some of the maps were intended for planning purposes and contain roads that were to be built in the future, and never built. Also, map makers would imbed errors in maps, so that if they were illegally copied, the errors would be copied, proving the theft.

An impressive source of maps and aerial photographs is www.philageohistory.org . While it is targeting Philadelphia, our township is adjacent and included in many of the maps. If you visit this site, you'll see two main sections, a "Resource Browser" containing individual maps and aerial photographs and an "Interactive Maps Viewer" which lets you overlay maps and photographs, so you can see the differences between them. The resource browser should be your starting point. It is much easier to use and contains a larger variety of maps. Some of the maps are books of maps. You'll need to identify the "Plates" for our township. See the list below for guidance.

All of the maps are dated. This should help you find things such as "Chestnut Hill Park" or the "Fort Washington railroad" since they had known life spans.

www.andysantiqueatlases.com is another source of maps with interesting details. Springfield Township is contained in three maps. Click on "Pennsylvania" then click on "Montgomery" then "1893." You'll then see a list of plates. Springfield is in one plate and Whitemarsh in two plates. The Whitemarsh plates will cover the edges of Springfield.

Montgomery county has a web site, http://propertyrecords.montcopa.org, for tax records. In addition to information tracing prior ownership of land parcels, the site has mapping of the plots that can be "zoomed." I'd use this as a "current" view of Springfield Township.

Two more websites, containing aerial views of our area, were brought to our attention by Jim Cooper, of Glenside. Penn Pilot, from the Pennsylvania Geological Survey, contains aerial views of the area from the late 30's to the early 40's. It is located at www.pennpilot.psu.edu.

Historic Aerials, a commercial site, has aerial views from 1948 to the present. You can find a view that you are interested in, and then, by clicking on the different years, see how the area has changed over time. The web site is www.historicaerials.com.

If you have any additional links or information regarding Springfield Township maps, please forward them to rgerysmith@navpoint.com for STHS. The author of this article, Raymond Gery Smith, has been a resident of Springfield Township for 21 years and a longstanding member of Springfield Township Historical Society.


Here is a LIST OF MAPS showing Springfield Township in PhilaGeoHistory

1792 Map of PA showing Springfield township

1808 Plan of the City of Philadelphia and environs showing the portion of Sringfield township outside of Germantown, but identified as part of Bristol

1822 Map of PA showing Springfield township and identifying Flour Town.

1843 A Map of the County of Philadelphia from Actual Survey shows Bethlehem Turnpike ( N. Wales Road) from the Tollgate, going into Springfield Township. Identifies a building labeled "Peterman" along Bethlehem pike and buildings labeled "Streeper" along county line road

1844 The Tourist's Pocket Map of Pennsylvania showing "Flower Town" and "Chesnut Hill"

1847 Map of the Circuit of 10 Miles Around Philadelphia showing Springfield and the names of various land owners

1848 Map of PA showing Springfield Township

1853 Map of the Vicinity of Philadelphia from actual surveys showing Springfield Township Buildings and owners.

1855 New Map of the Consolidated City of Philadelphia showing Springfield and "Flower Town". Building are identified with names. Road "to Willow Grove" is now Papermill road.

1857 County, Township and railroad map of the State of Pennsylvania showing Springfield and "Flowertown"

1860 12 Miles Around Philadelphia (Church road is called "Cherry Road"

1861Map of Philadelphia (appears to be a planning map with roads not yet built)

1873 New Topographical Atlas of the State of Pennsylvania (see page 83 for Springfield Township)

1876 Scattergood's map of 16 miles around Philadelphia shows Flowertown station on the Plymouth railroad and Lafayette station on the Norristown Railroad

1877 Atlas of Philadelphia and Environs page 69 shows Springfield Township.

1889 Baist's Map of Philadelphia and Environs shows Springfield Township land owners, schools, hotels and other points of interest.

1890 Noll's New Road, Driving and Bycycle Map of Philadelphia and Surrounding County shows Springfield Township hotels and "White marsh Sta" in Oreland

1891 Atlas of the Properties Along the North Pennsylvania, Bound Brook, and Pennsylvania Railroads shows detailed properties and buildings in Flourtown and Oreland in plates 6 & 7

1893 Map of Philadelphia and Environs shows buildings and owners in Springfield Township. Note the Fort Washington RR

1895 Map of the City of Philadelphia and Vicinity shows streets in Springfield Township

1897 Baist's Map Showing the Development of the City and Suburbs of Philadelphia shows detailed land ownership. Springfield is in plates 1, 2, 5 & 6. The name "Wyndmoor" is used

1901 Rand McNally map shows trolley line to Chestnut Hill Park

1930 Aerial Survey of Philadelphia, PA Plates 6 and 25 are Springfield Township. Whitemarsh hall is in plate 6. Oreland and Flourtown are in plate 25.

1934 J. M. Brewer's Map of Philadelphia shows streets in Wyndmoor. Shows Asbestos station at Queen St.

Below are LINKS to the sites referenced above:
(Please use your back button if you wish to return to STHS website

Andy's Antique Atlases
Montgomery County - See Property Records
Greater Philadelphia Geo History Network
Penn Pilot
Historic Aerials



"ENFIELD"

The Enfield Elementary School is located at Paper Mill and Church Road. Ever wonder why the school was named "Enfield?"

The name Enfield can be traced back to a man by the name of J.H.Dulles (Joe) Allen. The Allen family owned the farm at Paper Mill and Church Road. According to family lore the name Enfield was given to the farm by Joe's grandfather who had come to Philadelphia from Enfield, Connecticut and before that from Enfield, England. Enfield Tiles from 1928 catalogue

In the area called Five Points where Church Road, Paper Mill Road and Oreland Mill Road meet there were great deposits of iron ore and clay. Joe became interested in using the clay to make artistic pottery and tiles. In 1905, Joe started a small business which he named Enfield Pottery.

While he started making pottery, it was the tile business that would have the greatest success. The first major commission was tiles for the Pan American building in Washington, DC. Notable contracts for tiles included the Bok Carillon Tower in Florida and the Delaware River (now Benjamin Franklin) Bridge. Locally there are Enfield tiles in buildings at the Carson Valley School.

The stone house that was used as the office for Enfield Pottery was located at the corner of Paper Mill and Church Roads. Because of the postal activity created by the tile business, a post office named Enfield was opened in the same building. The building still exists in private ownership across from the elementary school.

Around the time of the great depression the pottery and tile business declined. In 1930 the government closed the post office and soon after the business was shut down.

So, when you are traveling through the Five Points intersection and see the stone building across from the Enfield Elementary School take a second to remember Joe Allen and his Enfield Pottery business.


Enfield Tiles from 1928 catalogue, Enfield Pottery and Tile Works,
Price List of Floor and Wall Tiles.